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HSV 3650 - Summer I 2015: Home

Citation Exercise



"Welcome to CHP+." Child Health Plan Plus. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Apr. 2015

Foster Care History and Accomplishments (n.d.). In The Children's Aid Society. Retrieved from

40 Years of Advocacy (2011). In National Center for Youth Law. Retrieved April 15, 2015, from

Young, L.R. & Nestle, M. (2002). The Contribution of Expanding Portion Sizes to the US Obesity Epidemic. US National Library of Medicine Institutes of Health. Retrieved from


In-Text Citations


Foster care has been around for centuries, however it has not always looked the way that it currently does today. According to National Foster Parent Association one of the earliest references to a form of foster care can be found in Christian church records (National, 2015).

In the early to mid-nineteenth century. Children in New York were living in the streets or slums, during the 19th century it was suspected that nearly 30,000 children were living in the streets and slums of New York (Accomplishments, 2015).

How to Read (and Understand) a Journal Article

Look at the article “Cyberbullying, School Bullying, and Psychological Distress: A Regional Census of High School Students.”


Complete the “preview” steps according to this week’s lesson.

1. Locate and read any information about the author(s): Who are they? What do they do? Where do they work? What is their position? The answers to these questions can give you keys to their purposes and backgrounds and to possible motivations, intentions and bias.

2. Read the abstract to glean the overall purpose, results and conclusions of the paper. A good abstract will provide a succinct summary of the most important information.

3. Examine the tables and figures to understand their main points. Graphs in particular, often summarize a great deal of written material. ("A single picture is worth a thousand words").

4. Read the introduction in full. Then read the first line of each paragraph of the article, until you reach the conclusion, which you should also read in full. In a well-written paper, you will find that the first lines actually read fairly coherently to give a broad overview of the paper's content and flow. 


Write down the answers to the following questions based on your reading:

1. What is the main hypothesis?
2. Why is this research important?
3. Did the researchers use appropriate measurements and procedures?
4. What were the variables in the study?
5. What was the key finding of the research?
6. Do the findings justify the author’s conclusions?


[excerpted from Week 6 lesson, Used with permission by Christine Sheetz, Professor, Library and Learning Resources Division, Lorain County Community College, Mixed from and