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CELCIS: Evaluate Information

How Information Evolves

Information evolves over time. 

Information flows and changes over time.  It can change in format, quality, and reliability.

Information evolves over time in format, in content, and in context. It starts with social media and within minutes and hours gets to news media outlets. In days and weeks it appears in popular magazines and then in months  appears in scholarly articles. After many years of an event, information shows up in a book and reference books.

  • Information evolves over time in format, in content, and in context.
  • It starts with social media and within minutes and hours gets to news media outlets.
  • In days and weeks it appears in popular magazines and then in months  appears in scholarly articles.
  • After many years  an event occurs, information shows up in a book and reference books. 

Scholarly v.Trade v. Popular Publications

How to evaluate the most common types of articles.

When doing research, you will come across three main types of articles, Scholarly, Trade, and Popular. There is a time and place for each type of article. 

When doing research, you will come across three main types of articles, Scholarly, Trade, and Popular. There is a time and place for each type of article.   Scholarly: Highly reliable, use freely. Written by scholars for scholars Trade: Use with caution, written by people in the industry for people in the industry  Popular: Avoid, authority and reliability hard to determine.

  1. Scholarly: Highly reliable, use freely. Written by scholars for scholars
  2. Trade: Use with caution, written by people in the industry for people in the industry 
  3. Popular: Avoid, authority and reliability hard to determine. 

Quality of Information

Evaluating information 

Not all information is created equally. 

  • Access: is it readily available?
  • Authorship: is the person writing qualified? 
  • Context: Does it specifically address your research needs?
  • Date: Is it current or still relevant? 
  • Purpose: Why was this information created?
  • Source: Can you find a bibliography

Access: is it readily available? Authorship: is the person writing qualified?  Context: Does it specifically address your research needs? Date: Is it current or still relevant?  Purpose:  why was this information created? Source: Can you find a bibliography