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Citing Sources: Copyright & Fair Use

Fair Use and Copyright

Copyright and Fair Use Terms

Copying and Sharing 
  • Fair use balances authors' rights with educational needs.
  • Fair use does not grant unrestricted use of information
  • Fair use must satisfy the  four fair use factors and typically can only be applied one time for a particular copyrighted work.
  • If fair use does not apply, then permission must be requested.
  • Downloading   
    • You may download specific for teaching, learning, and research from WMU Libraries
    •  You may not systematically download or print substantial portions of databases or online books, create derivative products, obscure or modify copyright notices, or share content with non-WMU users without permission from the copyright holder.
Posting Information Online 
  • Electronic resources available through the WMU Libraries is typically restricted to current WMU students, faculty, and staff.
  • Do not post a full-text copy on the open Web. 
  • Appropriate ways to provide access to electronic materials include
    • providing a persistent URL link to it. 
    • making access available through e-reserves
    • making access available through e-learning.

Retaining Author Rights

Retaining  Author and Creator Copyrights 

  • It is not necessary or desirable to sign away the exclusive rights to your work in exchange for publication.
  • It limits your ability to post your own work online, use it in course packs, or include it in Web-based repositories such as ScholarWorks at WMU
  • Modifications to publisher agreements and alternative licensing options can be found at the SPARC and Creative Commons sites. 
  • SHERPA/RoMEO  provides publisher policies on posting previously published articles on the Web and in open-access repositories.

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