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This guide supports students and faculty in the Geological and Environmental Sciences program at WMU.

Find background information

Use the resources on this page to get to know a new research area or choose a topic for a paper. These are not necessarily sources you can cite in a paper, but they will help you understand the basics and come up with keywords to use when you search for sources later.

Open web searches (Google, Wikipedia, etc.)

Feel free to begin your research on Google, as long as it doesn't end there. Use this time to try out different keywords for your topic.

Review articles

Many databases, including GeoScienceWorld and ScienceDirect, allow you to filter results to see only review articles. These kinds of articles give a broad overview of scholarship in a topic and are a good place to start your research. The databases section has more on these resources.


Try one of the specialized encyclopedias in the list below for expert-written articles on your topic, including citations to important sources.


Books are a great place to start your research because they take the time to explain things you may not understand (unlike journal articles). You don't have to read the whole book! Search for books using Library Search:



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Micaela Carignano
1050 Waldo Library