“Open Access” to information – the free, immediate, online access to the results of scholarly research, and the right to use and re-use those results as you need – has the power to transform the way research and scientific inquiry are conducted. It has direct and widespread implications for academia, medicine, science, industry, and for society as a whole.
Open Access (OA) has the potential to maximize research investments, increase the exposure and use of published research, facilitate the ability to conduct research across available literature, and enhance the overall advancement of scholarship. Research funding agencies, academic institutions, researchers and scientists, teachers, students, and members of the general public are supporting a move towards Open Access in increasing numbers every year.
Open Access (OA) is entirely compatible with peer review, and all the major OA initiatives for scientific and scholarly literature insist on its importance. OA literature is not free to produce, even if it is less expensive to produce than conventionally published literature. The question is not whether scholarly literature can be made costless, but whether there are better ways to pay the bills than by charging readers and creating access barriers.
What Faculty and Universities can do to promote Open Access:
Peer-reviewed journals that make their content available free on the Internet. There are 3 types of OA Journals:
Often hosted by institutions (WMU hosts ScholarWorks), these repositories do not perform peer-review but rather make various types of content available for free to those with access to the Internet. These repositories also serve as a permanent archive for material maintaining a static URL and a dark archived copy.